СОЛПИТЭР (SALPETER) ЭДВИН ЭРНСТ
03.12.1924, ? - ?
Английский физик. Родился в Австрии, обучался в Австралии. Занимался вопросами звездной эволюции, распределением масс в галактике, изучал межзвездную среду. Медаль Брюс 1987.
Edwin Ernest Salpeter (3 December 1924) 1987 Bruce Medalist "Ed" Salpeter emigrated from Austria to Australia in his teens and received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. at the University of Sydney. He earned his Ph.D. at Birmingham University, England, and has been at Cornell University since 1948. He worked in quantum electrodynamics and nuclear physics with Hans A. Bethe, with whom he wrote a monograph on relativistic atomic physics. In 1951 Salpeter explained how the "triple-alpha" reaction could make carbon from helium in stars. He then investigated the effects of nuclear physics on stellar evolution and derived the initial mass function, i.e., the rate of formation of stars of different mass in the Galaxy, from stellar evolution and the observed abundances of stars of different luminosities. He has also worked on the formation of dust grains and molecules in the interstel
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