КИРХ (KIRCH MARIA MARGARETHE WINKELMANN) МАРИЯ

[Германия]
[]

женский

25.02.1670, PANITSCH БЛИЗ ЛЕЙПЦИГА - 29.12.1720, БЕРЛИН ГЕРМАНИЯ


Немецкая женщина-астроном, жена Г.Кирха. Помогала ему проводить наблюдения (1692-1710), занималась вычислениями. Самостоятельно открыла комету 1702. В 1716 ее сын Христоф Кирх стал астрономом Берлинской академии, и мать стала его помощницей, занималась календарными вычислениями до самой смерти. Петр I приглашал ее работать в России, но она отказалась покинуть сына.


1. Dates
Born: Panitsch, 25 Feb 1670 Died: Berlin, 29 Dec 1720 Dateinfo:
Lifespan: 50

2. Father
Occupation: Cleric
Her father was a Protestant minister.
No information on financial status.

3. Nationality Birth: Panitsch, near Leipzig, Germany Career: various cities in Germany; see the entry for Kirch, Gottfried.
Death: Berlin, Germany

4. Education
Schooling: No University She is thought to have become interested in astromony through Christoph Arnold of Sommerfeld, the so-called 'astronomical peasant', a self-taught astronomer who so impressed the council of Leipzig that they granted him a
sum of money and lifelong freedom from taxes.
Her husband, Gottfried, undoubtedly taught her as well.

5. Religion
Affiliation: Lutheran (Lutheran)

6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Astronomy
She discovered the comet of 1702.

7. Means of Support
Primary: Housewife (List As Mis.)
Secondary: Patronage In 1692, she married the astronomer Gottfried Kirch. She worked with him regularly, making observations and especially doing calculations. After Gottfried's death (1710), she continued to publish on her own. 1712, she began to work in Baron von Krosigk's observatory writing up
some of her observations.
1714, upon the Baron's death she moved to Leipzig. 1716, when he son, Christoph, became astronomer of the Berlin Academy, she joined him there and continued to calculate calendars until her death.

8. Patronage
Types: Court Official, Aristrocrat, Scientist After the death of her husband, she was allowed to stay on in the house that had been provided for the family, and she worked at the calendar
monopoly. She worked in Baron von Krosigk's observatory (1712-14). She moved to Danzig at the invitation of the Hevelius family and she
stayed in their house. Peter the Great evidently wanted her to come to Russia, but she joined
her son in Berlin instead.

9. Technological Involvement
Type: None

10. Scientific Societies Memberships: None She was linked through her husband and son to the Berlin Academy, but,
as a woman, she was not a member.
Sources 1.Dietrich Wattenberg, Neue deutsche Biographie 11, 364b-5a. 2.Guenther, Allgemeine deutsche Biographie 15, 788. 3.P. Aufgebauer, "Die
Astronomenfamilie Kirch," Die Sterne, 47 (1971), 241-7.
Not Available and Not Consulted 1.J.E. Bode, Astronomisches Jahrbuck f№r das Jahr 1816, (Berlin, 1813), pp. 111, 113f. H. Ludendorff, "Zur Fr№hgeschichte der Astronomie in Berlin," Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaft, Vortrфge und Schriften, 9 (1942).
Compiled by: Richard S. Westfall Department of History and Philosophy of Science Indiana University

The Galileo Project Development Team: galileo@rice.edu





Дата последнего редактирования: 0000-00-00 00:00:00

 
design Sizova Anastasia
programming Ruzhnikov Ruslan
Автор проекта Сергей Масликов