КИРХ (KIRCH MARIA MARGARETHE WINKELMANN) МАРИЯ

[Германия]
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женский

25.02.1670, PANITSCH БЛИЗ ЛЕЙПЦИГА - 29.12.1720, БЕРЛИН ГЕРМАНИЯ


Немецкая женщина-астроном, жена Г.Кирха. Помогала ему проводить наблюдения (1692-1710), занималась вычислениями. Самостоятельно открыла комету 1702. В 1716 ее сын Христоф Кирх стал астрономом Берлинской академии, и мать стала его помощницей, занималась календарными вычислениями до самой смерти. Петр I приглашал ее работать в России, но она отказалась покинуть сына.


1. Dates
Born: Panitsch, 25 Feb 1670 Died: Berlin, 29 Dec 1720 Dateinfo:
Lifespan: 50

2. Father
Occupation: Cleric
Her father was a Protestant minister.
No information on financial status.

3. Nationality Birth: Panitsch, near Leipzig, Germany Career: various cities in Germany; see the entry for Kirch, Gottfried.
Death: Berlin, Germany

4. Education
Schooling: No University She is thought to have become interested in astromony through Christoph Arnold of Sommerfeld, the so-called 'astronomical peasant', a self-taught astronomer who so impressed the council of Leipzig that they granted him a
sum of money and lifelong freedom from taxes.
Her husband, Gottfried, undoubtedly taught her as well.

5. Religion
Affiliation: Lutheran (Lutheran)

6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Astronomy
She discovered the comet of 1702.

7. Means of Support
Primary: Housewife (List As Mis.)
Secondary: Patronage In 1692, she married the astronomer Gottfried Kirch. She worked with him regularly, making observations and especially doing calculations. After Gottfried's