УИЛСОН [ВИЛЬСОН] (WILSON) АЛЕКСАНДР

[Шотландия]
[]

мужской

? - 18.10.1786, ГЛАЗГО


Шотландский астроном (р.1714, Сант-Андреас, Шотландия), первый профессор астрономии ун-та в Глазго (1760-84). Наблюдая за пятнами вблизи солнечного лимба, обнаружил изменения в форме полутени (эффект Вильсона), на основании чего сделал первое реальное предположение (в 1769) о природе солнечных пятен. Он считал, что пятна - это углубления в солнечной поверхности. (В действительности эффект Вильсона объясняется более высокой прозрачностью вещества пятна по сравнению с фотосферой.) Его имя занесено на карту Луны. АБС, POGG-2.


Alexander Wilson

Born: 1714 in St Andrews, Scotland
Died: 18 Oct 1786 in Edinburgh, Scotland Alexander Wilson was educated at the University of St Andrews. After this he was an apprentice to a surgeon in St Andrews, then he moved to London. In 1739 he returned to St Andrews and, in 1742, he set up a type foundry. Two years later he moved to Glasgow where, in 1760, he was appointed to
the chair of astronomy, a post he held until 1784. Wilson made many observations of sunspots using a geometric argument to show that they were depressions in the Sun. A similar theory had been proposed
by La Hire and by Cassini. Wilson also published Thoughts on General Gravitation (1770), in which he
attempted to answer Newton's question What hinders the fixed stars from falling upon one another. Wilson's answer, that the entire universe rotates about a centre, is of
course incorrect. He was awarded an honorary degree by the University of St Andrews in 1763 and was a founding member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.

JOC/EFR December 1996



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design Sizova Anastasia
programming Ruzhnikov Ruslan
Автор проекта Сергей Масликов